Here is a very real hypothetical situation that I would try to classify as a Georgia workers' compensation injury claim.
- A registered nurse works at an ER of a local, Atlanta metro, hospital.
- The hospital treats a huge number of COVID-19 cases.
- The RN does not have access to proper hospital protective equipment including face masks, gloves, and PPE's.
- The nurse contracts COVID-19.
- The nurse self-quarantines but 10 days later is admitted to the hospital and is placed on a respirator.
- The nurse is 45 years old. She has no lung, heart, or diabetes co-morbid medical issues. She was in excellent health.
- The nurse tragically dies, leaving a husband and two minor children, 10 and 12 years old.
- The husband had not worked in six months and was totally dependent on his nurse/wife's income.
QUESTION: Is the father and/or the children entitled to workers' compensation benefits for her death as dependents?
I believe there is a good case for the nurse's death to be classified as a job injury resulting in death and dependency. One of the many questions is whether the disability/death resulted from a sudden occurrence rather than a gradual onset over years of exposure to the COVID-19 virus.
Most of the legal cases decided by the Court of Appeals in Georgia seem to agree that a prolonged exposure over the years, would be classified as an occupational disease. But the suddenness of the disability/death would prevent this from being classified as an occupational disease. Her case would be classified as an injury case.